Peter Stolypin ideas and reforms
курсовые работы, история
Объем работы: 19 стр.
Год сдачи: 2016
Стоимость: 550 руб.
1.The Ideas Of Stolypin
14 April 2012 marks 150 years since the birth of Russian statesman Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin. For some, it has gone down in history as a great reformer who uttered the catch phrase: "You need great upheavals, we need a great Russia". And for revolutionaries he became the personification of the "dark forces", "hangman", the inventor of the "Stolypin ties", the suppressor of the first Russian revolution. Later, among his "crimes" even point is the creation of the "Stolypin wagons" for the transportation of prisoners. But in this form – in the form of caged wagons to transport detainees – they were used only later, during the Soviet era. In reality, the "Stolypin wagons" is specifically designed to facilitate the implementation of reform and the ease of transportation of peasants immigrants, along with all their belongings.
Pyotr Arkadyevich Stolypin (2  in April 1862, Dresden, Saxony — 5 , 1911, Kiev) — statesman Russia Empire. In different years held the post of district Marshal of the nobility in Kovno, Grodno and Saratov Gove
or, Minister of inte
al Affairs, the Prime Minister.
In the Russian history of the beginning of XX century is known primarily as a reformer and statesman who played a significant role in the suppression of the revolution of 1905-1907. In April 1906, Emperor Nicholas II to Stolypin offered the post of Minister of inte
al Affairs of Russia. Soon after the gove
ment was dissolved together with the State Duma I convocation, and Stolypin was appointed as the new Prime Minister
In his new position, which he held until his death, Stolypin spent a number of bills that went down in history as the Stolypin agrarian reform, the main content of which was the introduction of private peasant land ownership. Law adopted by gove
ment on courts-martial tightened the punishment for serious crimes. Later Stolypin was sharply criticized for the rigidity measures. Among other activities of Stolypin as Prime Minister of particular importance are the...
The denial of these reforms does not stand up to scrutiny.
For example, collection of bread rose in 1913 to 5.6 billion pounds (86 million tons) or 550 kg per person, compared with 4 billion pounds in the early centuries (400 kg per capita). The area sown with the beginning of the century (up to 1914) grew by 10.6 million acres, or 14%, including in Che
ozem region - 8%, in Siberia - 71%, North Caucasus - on 47%.
At the same time, exports grew and the yield of many agricultural crops. In 1906-1912 years, 342% increase in the production and import of agricultural machinery. In Siberia and other places relocation armed of agriculture machines and its own inventory was higher than in European Russia.
Created a wide network of institutes of small-farmer credit, savings and loan banks and credit unions serving the cash tu
over of farms. By 1 January 1914, the number of such institutions has exceeded 13 thousand.
The credit relationship was given a strong impetus to the development of industrial, consumer and marketing cooperatives. Farmers on a cooperative basis created dairy and oil cooperatives, agricultural companies, consumer shops, and even a peasant artisanal dairies
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